Firelands Montessori Academy Fourth Grade
4th Grade Curriculum
The students entering this level review the concepts and build upon the foundations set forth in third grade. The level of studies become more in depth and refinement in application of knowledge begins to happen.
Mathematics and Geometry
Math is approached from both of the following methods; the Montessori instructional technique and the traditional classroom technique.
Number Sense
 Review: count, read, write, compare and order numbers into millions
 Place value and expanded notation
 Round off whole numbers through the millions to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, or 100 thousand
 Write tenths and hundredths in decimal and fraction notations and know the fraction and decimal equivalents for halves and fourths
 Students have the understanding of whole numbers and decimals to two decimal places and how to relate to simple fractions and whole numbers
 Identify on a number line the relative position of positive fractions, positive mixed numbers, and positive decimals to two decimal places
 Students extend their understanding of whole numbers to the addition and subtraction of simple decimals
Calculation and Processes
 Problem solving with two or more processes
 Solve problems involving three digit quotient
 Introduction and understanding of factorization
Algebra and Function
 Use letters, boxes, or other symbols to stand for any number in simple expressions or equations
 Interpret and evaluate mathematical expressions that now use parentheses
 Use of formulas e.g., Area=length X width A=lx
 Students know how to manipulate equations: know and understand equals added or multiplied to equals are equal
Measurement and Geometry
 Review measurement of objects of length, weight, liquids in metric and English system
 Use of formulas to define perimeters
 Recognize that rectangles having the same area can have different perimeters
 Students use two dimensional coordinate grids to represent points and graph lines and simple figures
 Understanding of X axis for horizontal line and Y axis for vertical line
 Students demonstrate an understanding of plane and solid geometric objects and use this knowledge to show relationships and solve problems
 Understand parallel and perpendicular, radius and diameter, bilateral and rotational symmetry
 Know the angles
 Know the prisms and different types of triangles
 Know the quadrilaterals
Statistics Data and Analysis and Probability
 Students organize, represent, and interpret data numerical and categorical data and clearly communicate their findings
 Students make predictions for simple probability situations
Mathematical Reasoning
 Students make decisions about how to approach problems: for example distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information
 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions: use of estimation, checking precise calculations
 Students move beyond a particular problem by generalizing to other situations: for example reasonableness of the solution
Concepts are presented with concrete materials like stamp game, checker board, decimal board, fraction material, division board, division tubes etc. for deeper understanding of concepts. Once the concepts are understood students move to abstract work and use traditional books to practice skills.
Reading
Word analysis, fluency, and systemic vocabulary development
 Word recognition
 Read with fluency, expression, and confidence
Vocabulary and concept development
 Apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, antonyms, synonyms, and idioms to determine the meaning of words
 Use of dictionary and thesaurus
 Identify and interpret words with multiple meanings
Reading comprehension
 Structural features of informational materials to strengthen comprehension: identify structural patterns like compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological
 Appropriate reading strategies, make and confirm predictions, evaluate new information, compare and contrast, distinguish between cause and effect, follow multiple step instruction
Literary response and Analysis
 Various narrative forms: fairy tales, fantasies, myths, legends etc.
 Compare and contrast tales from different cultures
 Define figurative language: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, and personification
 Comprehend basic plots, of classic fairy tales, myths, folktales, legends, and fables around the world
Writing Strategies
 Consider a purpose, audience, length and format requirements when selecting a focus, organizational structure and point of view
 Create multiple paragraph compositions that include an introductory paragraph, supporting details with facts, details, explanations and concluding paragraph that summarizes points made.
Penmanship
 Write fluidly and legibly in cursive
Research and Technology
 Quote and paraphrase information sources, citing them appropriately
 Understand organizations of almanacs, newspapers, periodicals and how to use them
 Use of basic skills at computer
Evaluation and revision
 Edit and revise drafts to improve coherence and progression by adding, deleting and rearranging text
Writing applications
 Students will write narratives with concrete sensory details
 Write responses to literature
 Write informatory reports
 Writes summaries
Written and Oral English Language Conventions
Sentence structure
 Use simple and compound sentences
 Combine short, related sentences, using appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases
Grammar
 Identify and use irregular verbs, adverbs, prepositions, and coordinating conjunctions in writing and speaking
Punctuation
 Use parenthesis, commas, and apostrophes in possessives and contractions
 Use underlining, quotations, or italics to identify titles
Capitalization
 Capitalize names of magazines, newspapers, works of art, musical compositions, organizations, and the first word in quotations when appropriate
Spelling
 Spell correctly roots, inflections, suffixes, prefixes, and syllable constructions
Listening and Speaking
 Comprehension
 Ask thoughtful questions
 Summarize spoken information
 Identify language from different regions and cultures
 Give precise directions
Poetry
 Understanding and developing an appreciation
 Able to express thoughts
Organization and delivery of oral communications
 Introduction and conclusion in oral delivery
 Use volume, pitch, phrasing, pace, modulation, and gesture appropriately
Creative Writing The students continue to refine the written expression by writing short chapter stories. The writing helps them to understand that appropriate writing is a process. It also develops an appreciation of the same. This provides the students a chance to apply the skills they have acquired over a period of time. Fourth grade curriculum is achieved through carefully selected literature stories and hands on materials.
Physical Sciences:
 Electricity and magnetism
 How electricity changed life on earth
 Students will know electric energy can be converted to heat, light and motion
Botany and Zoology:
 Students know the plants are the primary source of matter and energy entering most food chains
 Students understand the food chain
 Review of classifications
 Students understand that living organisms depend on one another and on their environment for survival
 Students know about decomposers
 An introduction of time line of humans
The fourth year lays the ground work for further studies in botany and zoology.
Earth Science:
 Review the formation of earth
 Review the properties of rocks, minerals reflect the processes that formed them
 Students know how to identify common rock forming minerals
 Understanding of the force of water in shaping and reshaping the land
Investigation and experimentation:
 Differentiate observation from interpretation
 Formulate cause and effect
 Follow a set of written instructions for a scientific investigation
History and Social Science
Students will explore the story of their home state.
 Through hands on materials like: charts, maps, pictures, artifacts and research students will develop an understanding of the history of California
 Student describe the social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from the preColumbian societies to the Spanish mission and Mexican rancho periods
 Students will continue in studies to explain the granting of the statehood
 Students understand structures, functions, and power of local, state, and federal governments as described in the US Constitution
Geography
Students learn geography in connection with history the history of state.
 Map reading
 Students explain how California became an agricultural and industrial power.
 Understand the lasting effect of pony express
 Development of new industries
 Trace the evolution of water systems like: dams, aqueducts, and reservoirs
 History of education system
Physical Education
 Continue aerobic activity for extended time
 Students will be play waffle ball, pitching, batting, and practice catching skills
 Students will be throwing, catching, dribbling and passing basketball
 Work cooperatively with partners
Art
 Art appreciation
 Cultural crafts
Words
Rock, consider, baking, astonished, entire, passenger, seize, continue, escape, avenue, stride (step), plunge, left, price (cost), terminate, summit, transparent, depart, suit, veterinarian, ingredients, extract, because, breeze, certainly, beads, mouse, handles, spill, suppose, early, feathers, whisper, enough, nickel, sight, nothing, knock, often, listen, worse, lace, dislike, tickets, unkind, laughed, waved, gladly, slidin



